please explain this." Over 2,000 years ago, the Greek philosopher Aristotle had it all figured out. Antonio Pigafetta, one of the few survivors of the voyage, recorded the loss of a day in the course of the voyage, giving evidence for east–west curvature. [Augustine] was familiar with the Greek theory of a spherical Earth, nevertheless, (following in the footsteps of his fellow North African, Lactantius), he was firmly convinced that the Earth was flat, was one of the two biggest bodies in existence and that it lay at the bottom of the universe. For whatever is round and bounded on every side by the circumference of a solid sphere, has no beginning or end ..."[76], The influential theologian and philosopher Saint Augustine, one of the four Great Church Fathers of the Western Church, similarly objected to the "fable" of antipodes:[78]. He believes that no one has provided proof that the world is not flat. A recent study of medieval concepts of the sphericity of the Earth noted that "since the eighth century, no cosmographer worthy of note has called into question the sphericity of the Earth". None of this concerns B.o.B, because he also claims that all such NASA imagery is faked. [141], In 1972, Shenton's role was taken over by Charles K. Johnson, a correspondent from California, US. [91], With the end of the Western Roman Empire, Western Europe entered the Middle Ages with great difficulties that affected the continent's intellectual production. Also called the Blue Planet (due to its color when seen from outer space), the World, and Terra (a Latin term), the Earth is the third planet from the Sun. [101][102] Other researchers have argued these points as well.

the 9th-century bishop Rabanus Maurus, who compared the habitable part of the northern hemisphere (Aristotle's northern temperate clime) with a wheel. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({ In today’s world it is common knowledge that blood circulation is vital for our survival. Long before anyone circumnavigated the globe or went into space, the ancient Greeks had figured out that the Earth is ball-shaped, rather than flat. Needham, Joseph; Wang, Ling. The Egyptians declared the earth … Many ancient cultures subscribed to a flat Earth cosmography, including Greece until the classical period, the Bronze Age and Iron Age civilizations of the Near East until the Hellenistic period, India until the Gupta period (early centuries AD), and China until the 17th century. [161] The publicly perpetuated image is kept up through a large-scale practice of "compartmentalization", according to which only a select number of individuals have knowledge about the truth. Keep in mind that Job lived almost 2000 years before Christ. The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan famously circumnavigated the Earth from 1519 to 1522, which would have been even more difficult if it had had an edge. The fact that Earth is round has been common knowledge, at least among the educated and powerful, ever since. When Was Earth Discovered. Blowing toward the south, then turning toward the north, the wind continues swirling along; and on its circular courses the wind returns. }); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); PHILOSOPHIES & ALTERNATIVE SYSTEMS OF BELIEF, EVANGELISM (Courses in Biblical Witnessing). Joseph Needham et al. [57], As noted in the book Huainanzi,[58] in the 2nd century BC, Chinese astronomers effectively inverted Eratosthenes' calculation of the curvature of the Earth to calculate the height of the Sun above the Earth. It is an oblate spheroid, being slightly flattened at the poles.

Here is a short related quote you may find interesting. ( [127], Beginning in the 19th century, a historical myth arose which held that the predominant cosmological doctrine during the Middle Ages was that the Earth was flat. Jet Stream was discovered during World War 2. Think how this must have sounded to Job. [109][110][111][112][113] In any case, there is no record of any further action having been taken against Vergilius. St. Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274), the most widely taught theologian of the Middle Ages, believed in a spherical Earth; and he even took for granted his readers also knew the Earth is round. Additionally it could well be a representation of the entire "world" or cosmos.[115]. How could Job possibly know there were springs of any kind on the ocean floor? Article Source: WRITERS-MAKE A WEBSITE, Categories: Christian Apologetics | [100] In his other work Etymologies, there are also affirmations that the sphere of the sky has Earth in its center and the sky being equally distant on all sides. Let's start with some pictures. : "Heavenly clockwork: the great astronomical clocks of medieval China", Antiquarian Horological Society, 2nd.

The Abbasid Caliphate saw a great flowering of astronomy and mathematics in the 9th century AD. [41][42] In the world-encircling ocean sat a snake called Jormungandr. Yet Job was written long before Jesus was even born. [17][18] Scientific details declared long before being discovered by scientist For one thing "Earth" is in our name, and anyway we think it's fun to know how these big facts about the universe got discovered. Any year that falls in B.C is long before 1616 and William Harvey. The spherical Earth theory is contemptuously dismissed as "pagan". [66][67] One of the earliest Indian cosmological texts picture the Earth as one of a stack of flat disks. [117] Lectures in the medieval universities commonly advanced evidence in favor of the idea that the Earth was a sphere. How is that possible? EARTH. However the Bible was written to reveal God to mankind. Eratosthenes even measured Earth's circumference to a very high level of accuracy (within 2% of the real value) over 2200 years ago. His method was crude, but his answer was in the right ballpark. [114], A possible non-literary but graphic indication that people in the Middle Ages believed that the Earth (or perhaps the world) was a sphere is the use of the orb (globus cruciger) in the regalia of many kingdoms and of the Holy Roman Empire. With the discoveries found with the Hubble Telescope and studies of redshifts most scientists today will agree that the universe has expanded. His website explains and defends the Christian Faith. Around 600 BC the first hypothesis in Greece popped up that Earth was a sphere, they were proven at some point in the 3rd century BC (you could count Magellan’s journey as definitive proof, but that is almost nitpicking). He stated that the Arabic word falak (Arabic: فَلَكٍ‎) refers to that which is round. The Bible unlike any other writing is unique in the fact that is surpasses mankind’s abilities. Does it hide a darker core? [54] However, Needham disagrees, affirming that Li Ye believed the Earth to be spherical, similar in shape to the heavens but much smaller. This poetic tradition of an Earth-encircling (gaiaokhos) sea (Oceanus) and a disc also appears in Stasinus of Cyprus,[19] Mimnermus,[20] Aeschylus,[21] and Apollonius Rhodius. This was just before the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik; he responded: "Would sailing round the Isle of Wight prove that it were spherical? 3000 B.C the book of Job exclaims that the Earth is hung upon nothing. At the same time, Isidore's works also gave the views of sphericity, for example, in chapter 28 of De Natura Rerum, Isidore claims that the Sun orbits the Earth and illuminates the other side when it is night on this side.

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