... that the sculptures were originally a bright white. They appointed an archaeological committee called the Acropolis Restoration Project. One interpretation is that it depicts an idealized version of the Panathenaic procession from the Dipylon Gate in the Kerameikos to the Acropolis. The Parthenon in Athens was once covered in colorful splashes of paint, for example. Instead, the main cult image of … The Pantheon is situated on ...read more, Ephesus was an ancient port city whose well-preserved ruins are in modern-day Turkey. Theseus, the king of Athens, was one of the guests at the wedding, hence the connection with the city. The cella was 29.8 meters long by 19.2 meters wide (97.8 × 63.0 ft). Winckelmann was a particular fan of Roman marble copies of Greek bronze statues: the Romans often copied Greek originals in marble. The pediments of the Parthenon are the two sets of statues (around fifty) in Pentelic marble originally located on the east and west facades of the Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens. Historians know what the statue looked like thanks to surviving Roman reproductions. "The Parthenon Sculptures." How the Ancient Greeks Designed the Parthenon to Impress— And Last, Striking Photos of Classical Greek Architecture. Such a design was an Ionic feature and more typical of treasury buildings. ", (Hellenic Ministry of Culture) The Acropolis Restoration Project, (Hellenic Ministry of Culture) The Parthenon Frieze, UNESCO World Heritage Centre – Acropolis, Athens, Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County – The Parthenon, The Athenian Acropolis by Livio C. Stecchini, A Wikimedia video of the main sights of the Athenian Acropolis, The history of Acropolis and Parthenon from the Greek tv show, Institute for Advanced Study: The Parthenon Sculptures, Museum of the Center for the Acropolis Studies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Parthenon&oldid=986756174, Buildings and structures completed in the 5th century BC, Ancient Greek buildings and structures in Athens, Conversion of non-Christian religious buildings and structures into churches, Religious buildings and structures converted into mosques, Wikipedia articles with citations needing edition from December 2019, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2019, Wikipedia articles scheduled for update tagging, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with Greek-language sources (el), Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [31][32] She argues a pedagogical function for the Parthenon's sculptured decoration, one that establishes and perpetuates Athenian foundation myth, memory, values and identity. Next is Dionysos reclining on his panther skin (the best preserved figure but possibly also identified as Hercules on a lion-skin, even if his early presence would be incongruous at the birth of Athena), next could be Demeter and Kore (or Persephone) sitting on wooden chests, then Artemis (or Hebe) who seems about to step out of the pediment as she leans forward. The reclining figure on the far left side, whose leg disappears into the base of the pediment, has been identified as the river god Ilissos or Eridanos. The restoration team plans to supplement original Parthenon artifacts with modern materials that are weather-resistant and corrosion-resistant and that help support the integrity of the structure. Constructed in the golden age of Pericles, the massive temple measures around 31 x 70 metres and was a celebration of the Greek triumph over the invading armies of Persia. A handpicked selection of stories from BBC Future, Culture, Capital and Travel, delivered to your inbox every Friday.

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