Because accounting principles are lenient at times, the specific policies of a company are very important. Shanker holds a Master of Business Administration.

Under the FIFO inventory cost method, when a company sells a product, the cost of the inventory produced or acquired first is considered to be sold. First-in, first-out (FIFO) is an asset-management and valuation method in which the assets produced or acquired first are sold, used, or disposed of first. What does this amount represent? The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 spearheaded many policies, for example that executives should not take loans from the company. Under the LIFO method, when a product is sold, the cost of the inventory produced last is considered to be sold. In large firms and governments, there is a person or even a department in charge of policies, including accounting policies. The amount of inventory reported in the balance sheet is $88,187. Accounting principles can be thought of as a framework in which a company is expected to operate. If it uses LIFO, its cost of goods sold is: (10 x $12) + (5 x $10) = $170. GAAP is a common set of accounting principles, standards, and procedures that public companies in the U.S. must follow when they compile their financial statements. These policies may differ from company to company, but all accounting policies are required to conform to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and/or international financial reporting standards (IFRS). Unlike accounting principles, which are rules, accounting policies are the standards for following those rules. The policy summary is mandated by the applicable accounting framework (such as GAAP or IFRS).

Usually a CFO or a Finance Director proposes a policy and then it is approved by a board executive or finance committee. It's a serious process as policies affect an entire company. Accounting principles are the rules, and accounting policies are how a firm adheres to these rules. The summary of significant accounting policies is a section of the footnotes that accompany an entity's financial statements, describing the key policies being followed by the accounting department. GAAP Guidebook IFRS Guidebook Public Company Accounting and Finance, Accounting BestsellersAccountants' GuidebookAccounting Controls Guidebook Accounting for Casinos & Gaming Accounting for InventoryAccounting for ManagersAccounting Information Systems Accounting Procedures Guidebook Agricultural Accounting Bookkeeping GuidebookBudgetingCFO GuidebookClosing the Books Construction AccountingCost Accounting FundamentalsCost Accounting TextbookCredit & Collection GuidebookFixed Asset AccountingFraud ExaminationGAAP GuidebookGovernmental Accounting Health Care Accounting Hospitality Accounting IFRS GuidebookLean Accounting Guidebook New Controller GuidebookNonprofit Accounting Oil & Gas Accounting Payables ManagementPayroll ManagementPublic Company Accounting Real Estate Accounting, Finance BestsellersBusiness Ratios GuidebookCorporate Cash ManagementCorporate FinanceCost ManagementEnterprise Risk ManagementFinancial AnalysisInterpretation of FinancialsInvestor Relations GuidebookMBA GuidebookMergers & AcquisitionsTreasurer's Guidebook, Operations BestsellersConstraint ManagementHuman Resources GuidebookInventory Management New Manager Guidebook Project ManagementPurchasing Guidebook, Summary of significant accounting policies. Many policies are not optional, but mandatory, especially if you are dealing with a public firm. Disclosure of accounting policies helps readers in better interpreting a company's financial situation. This should be taken into account by investors when reviewing earnings reports to assess the quality of earnings. The policy summary can include policies from a broad range of operational and financial areas, including cash, receivables, intangible assets, asset impairment, inventory valuation, types of liabilities, revenue recognition, and capitalized costs.

Certain items are commonly required disclosures in a summary of significant accounting policies: (1) the basis of consolidation, (2) depreciation methods, (3) amortization of intangible assets (excluding goodwill), (4) inventory pricing, (5) recognition of profit on long-term construction-type contracts, and (6) recognition of revenue from franchising and leasing operations.

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