The crest is more pronounced in the males of the pink starling. Probing is often accompanied by bill gaping (‘zirkelning’) where the bird opens its beak while probing to enlarge a dirt hole or to separate a lump of grass. True, with the availability of both, the other gray starlings still prefer food of animal origin. [13] The bird has been adversely affected in these areas by intensive agriculture, and in several countries it has been red-listed due to population declines of more than 50%. In Australia, eggs are typically laid from late September to late November but the range extends from late July to December. [13] It started breeding in Iberia in 1960, while the spotless starling's range had been expanding northward since the 1950s. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. document.documentElement.className = document.documentElement.className.replace( 'no-js', 'js' ); The average lifespan is from 2 to 12 years or more, depend on the species.. Starlings occur naturally in the Old World, from Europe, Asia and Africa, to northern Australia and the islands of the tropical Pacific. [124] The English or house sparrow (Passer domesticus) and the common starling are considerable agricultural pests, together causing an estimated US$ 1 billion per year in crop damages. email: b, It is 19–22 cm long, with a wingspan of 37–42 cm and a weight of 60–90 g. The plumage is shiny black, glossed purple or green, and spangled with white, particularly strongly so in winter. The first clutch of eggs occurs almost at the same time in the entire population. .no-js img.lazyload { display: none; } (function(m,e,t,r,i,k,a){m[i]=m[i]||function(){(m[i].a=m[i].a||[]).push(arguments)}; m[i].l=1*new Date();k=e.createElement(t),a=e.getElementsByTagName(t)[0],k.async=1,k.src=r,a.parentNode.insertBefore(k,a)}) (window, document, "script", "", "ym"); ym(44953867, "init", { clickmap:true, trackLinks:true, accurateTrackBounce:true, webvisor:true }); (function(m,e,t,r,i,k,a){m[i]=m[i]||function(){(m[i].a=m[i].a||[]).push(arguments)}; m[i].l=1*new Date();k=e.createElement(t),a=e.getElementsByTagName(t)[0],k.async=1,k.src=r,a.parentNode.insertBefore(k,a)}) (window, document, "script", "", "ym"); ym(44953876, "init", { clickmap:true, trackLinks:true, accurateTrackBounce:true }); belong to the Palaearctic genus (Palaearctic region, being a biogeographical region, originated in the Paleogene epoch and covers Europe, part of Asia and North Africa) of songbirds from the family of the starling. However, it has been adversely affected in northern Europe by intensive agriculture, and in several countries, it has been red-listed due to declines of more than 50%. Flock size is highly variable, with huge flocks providing a spectacular sight and sound usually occurring near roosts. 107248 Recorded by Wilbur L Hershberger. [7], The starling family, Sturnidae, is an entirely Old World group apart from introductions elsewhere, with the greatest numbers of species in Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. It is a highly gregarious species in autumn and winter. [11], There are several methods by which common starlings obtain their food but for the most part, they forage close to the ground, taking insects from the surface or just underneath. Mainly, the ordinary starling inhabits the territory of mixed and deciduous forests, but more often this bird can be seen in the cult landscape. New flocks arriving from the east are routinely shot, while the less cautious juveniles are trapped and netted.

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