While snakes will not eliminate pests, they do help keep their numbers in check. It is a nocturnal inhabitant of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico (see Sonoran Desert), where it feeds upon rodents. [12] Because of the constant movements of the neonates, the aggregate assumes stable temperature properties reminiscent of a homeothermic organism (i.e., maintains tight temperature tolerance ± 2 °C). The snakes can mate for several hours, and if one of the snakes decides to move, the other is dragged along. The sidewinder reaches speeds of up to 18 mph (29 km/h). Smith, H.M., and Taylor, E.H. This pit viper (subfamily Crotalinae) has small horns above each eye, possibly to keep sand from covering the eyes when the snake is buried. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. Within a few minutes of being born, the baby sidewinder escapes from a thin, transparent membrane. Its supraoculars (triangular projections over each eye) are pointed and upturned giving them a horn-like appearance --thus its nickname, the horned rattlesnake. It is a pale, sand-colored snake with alternating light and dark patches along the back and speckles along the sides. Gold, B.S., W.A. Adverts are the main source of Revenue for DoveMed. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/animal/sidewinder, FactZoo.com - Sidewinder Rattlesnake - Traveling in Style, sidewinder - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Press, 1989). [19] The less common acidic subunit is not toxic by itself, but in combination with the basic subunit, produces the potent neurotoxin called "Mojave toxin". "Sidewinding with Minimal Slip: Snake and Robot Ascent of Sandy Slopes", http://wwwlib.umi.com/dissertations/gateway, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crotalus_cerastes&oldid=985329699, Taxa named by Edward Hallowell (herpetologist), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The desert areas in the United States from central and eastern, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 09:48. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504763_162-57469802-10391704/mojave-green-snake-bites-6-year-old-california-boy-42-vials-of-antivenom-needed/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crotalus_scutulatus&oldid=986289136, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 22:51. If a rattlesnake bite is suspected, it is always important to call your local emergency helpline number (or dial 911 in the US) without any delay, and provide as much information as possible, even if the individual does not have any symptoms. The Sonoran Desert sidewinder is a venomous snake that is mostly found in desert sand dunes, dry flatlands, and rocky landscapes having sparse vegetation. When the lizard attempts to eat the tail, the sidewinder strikes. No type locality is given. A bite from a sidewinder requires a trip to the hospital, but it is rarely fatal. This is a trait shared by other rattlesnakes, garter snakes, and boas. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. University of California Press, Berkeley. The sidewinder reaches speeds of up to 18 mph (29 km/h). This is uncommon among rattlesnake species, where usually the males outgrow the females. Sidewinders give birth to 5–18 young in the fall. The cool temperatures trigger the dispersal of melanin (dark pigment) inside their scales. 1999. If they were clearly visible, meals would be hard to come by. The sidewinder advances along the loose, shifting sands with a movement much like that of a rolling spring. During this time, the mother is thought to guard and protect them from predators. Time-Life Books, New York. Reiserer, R. S. and G. W. Schuett (2008) Aggressive mimicry in neonates of the sidewinder rattlesnake, Crotalus cerastes (Serpentes: Viperidae): stimulus control and visual perception of prey luring. 1982. Roze, J.A. Clark, R. W. (2016). Nevertheless, a qualified healthcare provider is best-placed to determine whether the administration of AVS is necessary or not in each and every specific case. Sonoran Coral Snake Micruroides euryxanthus euryxanthus. Also, call your local poison control center (US Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222) for further instructions. It also has a dark eye strip extending back along its head. The pit organs are an adaptation that helps the snake to locate potential prey in the dark. Its method of movement, for which it is named, allows the sidewinder to easily navigate loose sand. Bieber. Sidewinder rattlesnakes can use sidewinding to ascend sandy slopes by increasing the portion of the body in contact with the sand to match the reduced yielding force of the inclined sand, allowing them to ascend up to the maximum possible sand slope without slip. [3] It is sometimes referred to as the horned rattlesnake because of the raised supraocular scales above its eyes. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. It is a nocturnal inhabitant of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico (see Sonoran Desert), where it feeds upon rodents. Many states will only grant a permit to someone with many years of experience, and above a certain age. Female sidewinders give live birth, and will care for their young for up to 10 days. A bite could leave you with swelling and internal bleeding. Sidewinders remain between 1.5 and 2 feet long, even when fully grown. Envenomation can cause pain, swelling, hemorrhagic bleb formation and ecchymosis (i.e., bruising). As it moves, the snake simultaneously bends and lifts its body, maintaining two areas of contact between its belly and the ground. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 95:81-91(11). A sidewinder’s preferred prey is rodents, such as kangaroo rats. By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. However, envenomation causing severe symptoms is rarely encountered. Britannica does not review the converted text. Coral Snakes of the Americas: Biology, Identification, and Venoms (Krieger, 1996). Most snakes move roughly in a straight line, with their entire body touching the ground. Find the perfect sidewinder desert stock photo. Dart RC: Sequelae of pit viper envenomation, in Campbell JA, Brodie ED Jr, eds: Biology of the Pit Vipers. They hide out in burrows during the hottest hours. The sidewinder has rough, keeled scales, which aid in its unique sidewinding locomotion.

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