The shade of red in the flag is specified as "British Admiralty Colour Code No. There was no illustration, only the above description which is open to different interpretations.

The green shield bears a bison, a beast that provided food and clothing to indigenous groups and early settlers and gave the latter a strong export product. [1][2] On August 2 of that same year, an Order in Council was promulgated to establish a seal for the new province.

[11], In an online survey conducted in 2001 by the North American Vexillological Association, Manitoba's flag ranked in the bottom half of state, provincial and territorial flags from Canada, the United States, and select current and former territories of the United States.

It featured the Cross of Saint George at the chief and a bison on a green field for the lower portion. The owl can be found across the province year round. [3][6][7][8] The Great Canadian Flag Debate that preceded this change showed there were still parts of Canada where imperialist nostalgia was strong. Terms and Conditions, Cookie and Privacy Policies. The Manitoba Shield, centered right, shows a buffalo standing on a rock beneath the red cross of St. George. The flag is a red field with the Royal Union Flag in the canton and the Ontario shield of arms in the fly.

Before 1965, the Canadian Red Ensign had served as the de facto national flag of Canada.

The flags of Bermuda, Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands all fall into this category. Nunavut is the traditional homeland of the Inuit people, who constitute a majority of the local population. The latest updates on the novel coronavirus and COVID-19. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [9] Resistance to the new national flag was most vociferous in the rural areas of Manitoba and Ontario. The Cross of Saint George alludes to the patron saint of England, as well as to the arms of the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), which ruled over the land that is now Manitoba. ", "Manitoba Opposition looking to take the 'New' out of 'New Democratic Party, "Brian Pallister's PCs win majority government in Manitoba", "Jubilant Pallister claims 2nd straight PC majority – albeit a smaller one", "Province of Manitoba [Civil Institution]", "Supply of Environmentally Friendly National and European Union Flags", "Position of honour of the National Flag of Canada – With flags of the Canadian provinces and territories", Manitoba's provincial symbols – Canadian Heritage, Historical flags of the British Empire and the overseas territories, National, regional and city flags incorporating the Union Jack, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Former British Empire and the overseas territories, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flag_of_Manitoba&oldid=983129336, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 12:15. [4] The new flag was first hoisted officially on May 12, 1966. The specifications of the flag are 1:2. In the flag’s upper fly corner is a blue star. It was felt necessary to have British royal approval since modification of a British flag was involved. [3][4] One of the two flag-raisers at that ceremony was a descendant of Thomas Button, the British explorer who in 1612 raised the first British flag over what is now Manitoba. It’s not the first time Manitoba and Ontario have been accused of need­ing a pennant makeover. The British Red Ensign Flag was the official flag of Great Britain from 1707 to 1801 and was a red flag with the British Union Jack in the corner. Letters must include the writer’s full name, address, and a daytime phone number. [37], In addition to the dates set out by the federal government for flying flags at half-mast, the provincial flag is half-masted upon the death of the Lieutenant Governor or premier (either an incumbent or a previous one) and may also be flown in such a manner when an individual honoured by Manitoba dies. The shield of the coat of arms is "centred in the half farthest from the staff". [3][4][5], On February 15, 1965, the federal government introduced a new national flag featuring a maple leaf to replace the Union Jack (the official flag) and the Canadian Red Ensign, the country's civil ensign at the time that had been used unofficially as the national flag. T818A for other bunting."

[13][18], Due to the similarities shared by the Manitoba flag with the flag of neighbouring Ontario – with the bottom part of their escutcheons being the sole difference[19] – the two pennants have often been mistaken for one another. Like the Manitoba flag it recalls and preserves the original Canadian Red Ensign, one featuring a bright red field and the Union Jack.The Ontario shield shown was the first flag design in Canada to feature a maple leaf. [13][16] It recommended making the bison as a central figure,[17] as well as doing away with the Union Jack in the canton. Adopted in 1965 shortly after the new national flag was inaugurated, it has been the flag of the province since May 12 of the following year.

Corrections? The flag is the Red Ensign on which the Union Jack is placed in the upper quarter on the "staff" side, while the provincial coat-of-arms is centred in the "fly" half of the flag. Updates? Some years earlier the winner of a Manitoba Free Press Competition had been a white flag, Union canton, with blue five point stars making up the Great Bear in the lower hoist and fly, and a larger North Star near the top of the upper fly. The Union Jack is in the upper left corner on a red background. [4] The provincial government subsequently sought approval from Queen Elizabeth II, since this entailed defacing a British flag;[3] this was granted on August 27 of that same year. >> Download the PDF Version [116 Kb] (PDF, 124.77KB), Act of Legislature assented to, May 11, 1965 Queen Elizabeth II’s approval of use of Royal Union flag, August 27, 1965 Flag raised, May 12, 1966, Royal Warrant of King Edward VII, May 10, 1905 Gazetted, September 23, 1905 Augmented by crest, supporters and motto by Warrant of Governor General Ramon John Hnatyshyn Gazetted, December 5, 1992.

The Canadian territory of Nunavut came into being on April 1, 1999, and on that day the flag was first raised.

The flag of Manitoba consists of a Red Ensign defaced with the shield of the provincial coat of arms. Some restaurants feature outdoor patios overlooking the river and walkways that run along the river. [18][20], The flag of Manitoba is described in detail in The Provincial Flag Act, provincial legislation that has been in force from February 1, 1988. Robarts felt the Ensign was an important symbol that reflected Ontario's British heritage and the sacrifices made by Canadian troops under the Red Ensign. The Manitoba symbol contains a bison. As a compromise it was agreed that the ensign would be used, but only with a substitution of the provincial coat of arms for the Canadian shield. It was flown at all military installations in Canada and overseas, outside the legislature and government buildings, at Royal Canadian Legion halls, and many private homes. For enquiries, contact us. Lamenting the demise of the Canadian Red Ensign, its proponents in those regions endeavoured to have it modified as a provincial flag. Its adoption was intended to maintain the legacy of the Canadian Red Ensign as the country's unofficial flag, after the adoption of the Maple Leaf Flag in 1965. On May 13, 2015, the Liberal MPP from Etobicoke Centre Yvan Baker put forward the Ontario Flag Day Act, 2015. ONTARIO Flag. [13] It finished in 44th place out of 72 – one spot behind Ontario's flag[14] – and finished last among Canadian flags. Letters are edited for length and clarity.

The part of the flag in the upper left corner or canton, is called the "jack" because that part of the flag was flown from the jack-staff on the ship's bow so people on the ground could easily identify the ship when it was at port. [citation needed] These included many Ontarians, particularly in rural areas that made up much of the political base of Premier John Robarts' Ontario Progressive Conservatives. The flag of Manitoba was officially adopted and hoisted in 1966. Both provinces’ flags are similar to the Red Ensign that Canada used as a national flag prior to adopting the maple leaf design in 1965. Initially the Union Flag was called a jack only when it was flown at the bowsprit of British naval vessels, but it was commonly called the Union…. https://www.britannica.com/topic/flag-of-Manitoba. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! SOME grassroots members of Manitoba’s governing New Democrats want the province to adopt a new flag, saying the current one, as well as that of Ontario, is an archaic symbol of British rule. • mail Letters to the Editor, 1355 Mountain Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R2X 3B6. The white and yellow colours, which are known as “metals” in heraldry, are unofficially said to represent snow and the sunrise, respectively. Others have complained that it is an anachronistic remnant of British colonial rule over Manitoba.

The great grey owl is the largest owl in North America with a wingspan of 1.3 metres (4 feet).

There’s also a reflection with the bison in the flag of the important role that ... Manitoba’s natural wildlife played with our First Nations and Metis people. You will not receive a reply.

Provincial Secretary Maitland Steinkopf wanted a design competition, while others preferred that the Canadian Red Ensign be adopted by the province. Former Director, Flag Research Center, Winchester, Massachusetts. [34] This is because it was the fifth province to enter into Confederation,[35][36] and the first one to join after the establishment of the Dominion on July 1, 1867. This bill, which passed the house and received royal assent on June 4 in the same year, declares May 21 every year as Ontario Flag Day. Immigration and citizenship for Canadians, Pin the Symbol on the Province or Territory, http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/100325/t100325a2-eng.htm, http://www.pch.gc.ca/eng/1266258105305/1266214672512, http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/index-e.html, [i] Statistics Canada - Quarterly demographic estimates, 2010, [ii] Canadian Heritage - Canadian Anthems and Symbols, [iii] Canadian Heritage - Canadian Anthems and Symbols, [iv] Library and Archives Canada - Canadian Confederation. "Manitoba’s flag is often confused with Ontario’s flag, with the only difference being a bison... instead of three maple leaves.". [33] When flown together with the flag of Canada and the other provincial and territorial flags, the flag of Manitoba is sixth in the pecking order (after the national flag and, in descending order of precedence, the flags of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick). The two stripes are separated by an inuksuk, an anthropoid figure formed of stacked rocks. The flag of Ontario is the provincial flag of Ontario, Canada. The five-pointed star stands for the North Star, a beacon for travelers in the Arctic. The province's shield is on the right side of the flag.

There is a red background, a Union Jack in the upper left corner, and a provincial symbol toward the bottom right corner. The white and yellow Canadian territorial flag that is yellow at the hoist and white at the fly end, with a distinctive black-outlined red symbol in the centre. It is a defaced Red Ensign, with the Royal Union Flag in the canton and the Ontario shield of arms in the fly.



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