Brandt was officially appointed by Hitler as co-head of from SS Obergruppenführer Philipp Bouhler,  the T4-Euthanasia programme  on September 1st 1939. After World War Two ended Brandt was arrested and put on trial for crimes against humanity. He said on the scaffold: “It is no shame to stand upon the scaffold. He became a member of the SS in July 1934 and was appointed Untersturmführer. In 1939, Hitler appointed Brandt as the co-head of the T4 euthanasia program, with Philipp Bouhler. After the end of the war, he was arrested by the Allied forces and brought to trial on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. Brandt made such a good impression that he was invited to become one of Hitler’s personal physicians. He participated in the euthanasia program beginning in 1939, which involved the systematic execution of the aged, insane, incurably ill, or deformed children by gas or lethal injections in nursing homes, hospitals and asylums. However, Hitler was furious when he learned that Brandt had moved his wife, Anni Rehborn   and son out of Berlin  and towards the Allied lines. In 1933, he joined the Sturmabteilung (SA), the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party, and the next year he became a member of the Schutzstaffel (SS), a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers' Party. In 1933, the Nazi law Gesetz zur Verhütung erbkranken Nachwuchses (Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring) was implemented. By using this website we assume that you agree with this. Brandt and Hitler's chief architect Albert Speer were good friends as the two shared technocratic dispositions about their work. He was only saved when SS Reichsleiter Heinrich Himmler delayed the execution to allow for “new witnesses” to be identified and brought before the court martial for cross-examination before the execution was carried out. By 1934, Brandt was a regular member of the inner circle  that lived in Hitler’s Berchtesgaden retreat – the Berghof. His downfall came soon after the World War II ended. ✪ Hitler's Doctor vs. Hippocrates: the tragic costs of putting the state above the patient. His arguments were not accepted and Brandt, along with six other doctors, was sentenced to death by hanging. [9] In addition to these considerations, Brandt's explanation at his trial for his criminal actions – particularly ordering experimentation on human beings – was that "... Any personal code of ethics must give way to the total character of the war". Despite Brandt's closeness to Hitler, the dictator was furious when he learned shortly before the end of the war that the doctor had sent Anni and their son toward the American lines in hopes of evading capture by the Russians. The verdict was never in doubt and Brandt was sentenced to death. From 1929 he worked as an intern at the "Bergmannsheil" Hospital in Bochum. The sexuality of the German Soldiers in WW2. [7] Additional power was afforded Brandt when on 28 July 1942, he was appointed Commissioner of Sanitation and Health (Bevollmächtigter für das Sanitäts- und Gesundheitswesen) by Hitler and was thereafter only bound by the Führer's instructions. This included those who were physically or mentally disabled. He was soon successful in winning Hitler’s favor and was appointed to the officer rank Untersturmführer. After World War Two ended Brandt was arrested and put on trial for crimes against humanity.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',129,'0','0'])); Karl Brandt was born on January 8th 1904 in Mulhouse. German physician and Schutzstaffel ( SS) officer in Nazi Germany. Brandt was officially appointed by Hitler as co-head of the T4-Euthanasia programme on September 1st 1939. As Major General Reich Commissioner for Health and Sanitation he was involved in human experimentation and was tried along with many others in Nuremberg, Germany, the trial more commonly referred to as the "Doctors' Trial." However, until, Brandt was the driving force behind the euthanasia programme that started in pre-war Nazi Germany and was rolled out across all of Occupied Europe after September, Brandt remained in Hitler’s favour until the very last days of World War Two in Europe. He joined the Nazi party before serving as a Personal Physician of Adolf Hitler. The verdict was never in doubt and Brandt was sentenced to death. After World War Two ended Brandt was arrested and put on trial for crimes against humanity. The charges against him included special responsibility for, and participation in, Freezing. Hitler instructed Brandt to get in touch with other physicians and begin to coordinate the mass killings. This page was last edited on 18 April 2020, at 23:58. Aly, Götz, Peter Chroust, and Christian Pross, eds. Br., Munich and Berlin and graduated in Berlin, in 1928. In 1933, he became a member of the SA. He was also made responsible for the implementation of the Law for the Protection of Hereditary Health that was used to introduce compulsory sterilization. The environment was not good for a newly qualified doctor – with so many unemployed very few could afford a doctor’s fees. Brandt made such a good impression that he was invited to become one of Hitler’s personal physicians. Karl Brandt ( January 8, 1904 – June 2, 1948) was the personal physician of Adolf Hitler in August 1944 and headed the administration of the Nazi euthanasia program from 1939. He was asked: Prosecutor: “In your view were the freezing experiments dangerous?”, Brandt: “Yes. If he refused, he would surely have been called to account for his failure. Trained in surgery, Brandt joined the Nazi Party in 1932 and became Adolf Hitler's escort doctor in August 1934. (also known as the Doctors' Trial), was prosecuted in 1946-47 against twenty-three doctors and administrators accused of organizing and participating in war crimes and crimes against humanity in the form of medical experiments and medical procedures inflicted on prisoners and civilians. Brandt became one of the major medical figures who in the context of the law performed forced abortions on a large number of women deemed genetically disordered, mentally or physically handicapped or racially deficient. He was given the rank of Generalmajor in the Waffen SS and was appointed Reich Commissioner for Health and Sanitation. Brandt was involved in the euthanasia programme in Nazi Germany and in Occupied Europe. He held a powerful position in Nazi Germany and was the administrator of the Aktion T4 euthanasia program during which a recorded 70,273 people were killed at various hospitals in Germany and Austria. His father was a Prussian Army officer. I’ve always thought it was. Brandt suggested the use of carbon monoxide gas, to which Hitler gave his approval. Ethical obligation has to subordinate itself to the totalitarian nature of war. ✪ Sentencing of the defendants of the Doctor's Trial. He was later appointed as the Health and sanitation Reich Commissioner. Karl Brandt, Adolf Hitler’s escort physician and member of Hitler’s inner circle. History Learning Site Copyright © 2000 - 2020. Karl Brandt was born on January 8th … He was executed June 2, 1948 at Landsberg prison in Bavaria. [2] Only the intervention of Heinrich Himmler, Speer, and the direct order of Admiral Doenitz after Brandt had been captured by the Gestapo and sent to Kiel in the war's closing days, saved him from execution.[2]. He was placed under arrest by the British on 23 May. After World War II ended Brandt was arrested and put on trial for crimes against humanity. Morrell claimed that they were vitamin or glucose based injections but Brandt had his doubts. Brandt also pushed forward a programme of enforced sterilisation and he conducted medical experiments to see which method of sterilisation was most effective in terms of the number of people who could be sterilised at one go. He was also a driving force behind a program of forced sterilization. The trial was officially titled United States of America v. Karl Brandt et al., but is more commonly referred to as the "Doctors' Trial"; it began on 9 December 1946. Medicine and Power in the Third Reich (review)", 1935: Das Gesetz zur Änderung des Gesetzes zur Verhütung erbkranken Nachwuchses, Personal physician of German dictator Adolf Hitler, Reich Commissioner for Health and Sanitation, War crimes: performing medical experiments, without the subjects' consent, on prisoners of war and civilians of occupied countries, in the course of which experiments the defendants committed murders, brutalities, cruelties, tortures, atrocities, and other inhuman acts.

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