Blanche Bruce Biography.

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Univ. of Tennessee Press, 2003. p .110-111. Bruce was a popular public speaker and lecturer, and became a trustee of Howard University. In 1975, the residence of Bruce in the Shaw neighborhood was made a National Historic Landmark. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Politician BLACK, JEREMIAH SULLIVAN He was 57 years old.

Soon after his arrival, Military Governor Adelbert Ames appointed him conductor of elections for a nearby county, and in 1870 he became sergeant at arms in the state senate.

Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Neale Pub. She spent a majority of her time working for the National Organization of Afro-American Women. Bruce attended Oberlin College from 1866 to 1868, then became a farmer in Floreyville, Mississippi. Much of his time and energy he devoted to fighting fraud and corruption in federal elections. Green Bay, Prince Edward County, Virginia, African American Heritage Preservation Foundation, Bruce-Monroe Elementary School at Park View, List of African-American United States Senators, Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, "Freed slave presides over Senate: February 14, 1879", "Roscoe Conkling Bruce and the District of Columbia's Public Schools, 1906 to 1921", "Dedication Ceremony honoring ex-slave Blanche Kelso Bruce, 1st Black senator to serve a full term", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, United States Senator (Class 1) from Mississippi, Senate Mississippi River Levees Committee,, African-American politicians during the Reconstruction Era, African-American candidates for Vice President of the United States, Burials at Woodlawn Cemetery (Washington, D.C.), People of Missouri in the American Civil War, People from Prince Edward County, Virginia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Appleton's Cyclopedia, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with USCongress identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 01:15. Bruce was considered a moderate in his political views. By 1868 Bruce had begun working as a cotton farmer in Mississippi.

His main efforts in the Senate were aimed at achieving civil rights, integration, elevation of his race.

Bruce argued for the desegregation of the U.S. Army. After leaving Congress, Bruce settled in Washington, D.C. and served as register of the Treasury from 1881 to 1885. Beneath the photograph of Massachusetts Senator Edward Brooke that adorned the May 1978…, Wells-Barnett, Ida B. Bruce was highly regarded in Bolivar County, where he served as assessor, sheriff, county school superintendent, and member of the Board of Levee Commissioners. Shortly after the beginning of the Civil War, Bruce fled to Kansas, becoming a free man before Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. © 2019 | All rights reserved. [12], In the fall of 1899, Josephine Bruce accepted the position of principal at Tuskegee Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama.

[8] He was appointed as Register of the Treasury a second time in 1897 by President William McKinley and served until his death from diabetes complications in 1898. On March 1, 1841, Blanche Kelso Bruce was born a slave near Farmville, Prince Edward County, Va. His master had him educated, and before the Civil War he went to Missouri, where he organized the first school for African Americans in the state.

Research our special sections on diverse subjects ranging from presidential elections to naval history. Blanche Bruce was born into slavery in Virginia, but escaped at the start of the Civil War and made his way to Ohio, where he attended Oberlin College. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from He was also tax collector, with prominent Republicans and Democrats posting the bond required for the position. .

After the Civil War he moved to Mississippi and got involved in local politics.

Contact   |   Can't find your senator's name in the list of Senators? "[3], On June 24, 1878, Bruce married Josephine Beal Willson (October 29, 1853 – February 15, 1923), a fair-skinned socialite of Cleveland, Ohio, amid great publicity; the couple traveled to Europe for a four-month honeymoon. He had his eye one a senatorial seat instead.

He sought improvement of navigation on the Mississippi and advocated better relations between the races.

There, he also acquired a large townhouse and summer home, and presided over black high society. Editors. [6] He also served on the District of Columbia Board of Trustees of Public Schools from 1892 to 1895. . Indiana University Press, 1990.

Blanche Kelso Bruce (March 1, 1841 – March 17, 1898) was born into slavery in Prince Edward County, Virginia and went on to become a politician who represented Mississippi as a Republican in the United States Senate from 1875 to 1881. When Blanche Bruce was young, he played with his half-brother. The following year he became the sheriff and tax assessor of Bolivar County.

During the next six years, Bruce maintained a secure reputation, often presiding over the Senate. Whatever aspect of history you wish learn about, you will find it at She was a prominent socialite in Washington, D.C. throughout most of her life where she lived with her husband, United States Senator Blanche Bruce. [2] In 1880, James Z. George was elected to succeed Bruce.

." By 1870 he was an emerging figure in state politics.

University of Illinois Press, 1988. 2014. After the Civil War he returned to Missouri and founded the first school for African Americans in Hannibal. He was the first elected African-American senator to serve a full term (Hiram R. Revels, also of Mississippi, was the first African American to serve in the U.S. Senate but did not complete a full term). Born Blanche Bruce (added middle name Kelso as an adult) on March 1, 1841, in Farmville, VA; son of a slave mother; married Josephine Beall Wilson (a teacher), 1878; children: Roscoe Conkling Bruce; died from diabetic complications in March of 1898, in Washington, D.C. Education: May have studied at Oberlin College. He spoke against Chinese exclusion and for the fair treatment of Native Americans as well as African-Americans. Various accounts of Bruce’s childhood all acknowledged that he had more advantages than many other slave children. When the fugitive slave returned to Missouri in 1864, the state was forced to recognize him as a free man. In 1874 Mississippi’s Republican-dominated state legislature elected Bruce, a Republican, to a seat in the U.S. Senate. Ida B. Wells-Barnett 1862–1931 He was the first elected African-American senator to serve a full term (Hiram R. Revels, also of Mississippi, was the first African American to serve in the U.S. Senate but did not complete a full term). After being educated by his white half-brother, he escaped to Hannibal, Missouri in 1861, where he became a teacher. As such, Bruce was the first African-American to be represented on U.S. currency. After emancipation, he returned to Missouri and then Mississippi to pursue a career in education and politics. Blanche K. Bruce (R-Miss., 1875-1881) The first was Blanche Kelso Bruce, a 34-year-old former slave born in Virginia to a black enslaved mother and a white plantation owner.

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Blanche K. Bruce Summary of Accomplishments through 1890.tif 1,497 × 1,311, 2 pages; 5.67 MB Blanche Kelso Bruce (2001).jpg 534 × 610; 52 KB Blanche Kelso Bruce …

[3] He became a wealthy landowner of several thousand acres in the Mississippi Delta.

(October 16, 2020).

He was also recorder of deeds in the District of Columbia (1889–95) and a trustee of Howard University. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This article was most recently revised and updated by,, History, Art and Archives - United States House of Representatives - Biography of Blanche Kelso Bruce.

Johnson, Allen, ed.

This chart shows the relationships among Senate leaders and officers who manage the flow of legislative and administrative business in the Senate. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style.

After emancipation, he returned to Missouri and then Mississippi to pursue a career in education and politics. Bruce was born on March 1, 1841, on a plantation in Farmville, Prince Edward County, Virginia. [10], After his Senate term expired, Bruce remained in Washington, D.C., secured a succession of Republican patronage jobs and stumped for Republican candidates across the country. Not to long after that the state abolished slavery, so he then opened a school for freedman in Hannibal. [13] While visiting Josephine at Tuskegee, during the summer break of his senior year at Harvard, Roscoe Bruce met Booker T. Washington and secured a position at Tuskegee as head of the Academic Department.[13]. Edmond P., Q.C., B.Comm., LL.B. President McKinley appointed him register of the Treasury again in 1895. Bruce … Elected near the end of the radical Reconstruction period, Bruce was a dignified, competent senator. When his term ended in 1881, Bruce was appointed by President James Garfield to the office of Register of the Treasury.


Bruce learned to read and demonstrated an eagerness for learning.

Blanche Kelso Bruce, the son of a black slave and a white plantation owner, was the first African-American to serve a full term in the U.S. Senate.

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